Tapioca Starch Processing and Sell electricity to the Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand (EGAT)
Nakhon Ratchasima, TH
About This Project
Background – The Chok Yuen Yong facility – located approximately 250 km northeast of Bangkok – processes raw cassava roots to produce about 750 tons of tapioca starch each day. The production process – which includes root preparation, washing, peeling, rasping, extraction, separation, drying, and packaging – requires the use of large amounts of heat and power. Furthermore, about 12,000 cubic-meters of high-organic concentration wastewater is generated as a result of each day’s starch production process. Prior to the introduction of a new biogas cogeneration system, the facility procured electrical power from Thailand’s national grid and generated steam using heavy fuel oil. The wastewater was treated in a waste stabilization pond using a timeconsuming natural waste removal process that created odor problems for nearby communities. To combat rising energy costs and reduce its impact on the environment, the Chok Yuen Yong facility decided to implement an innovative biogas cogeneration solution.
In 2010, Chok Yuen Yong began work on the new cogeneration plant supported by Distributed Power’s Jenbacher* J420 gas engines. The engines run on biogas to produce more than enough electric power to supply the factory. The excess electricity produced by the engines – in the range of about 1,000 kW – is supplied to the public grid to further reduce the facility’s power costs. And, an efficient heat recovery system converts exhaust gas from the engines into steam that is used in the starch production process. The biogas used to feed the gas engines is produced as the site’s wastewater passes through several treatment and purification processes, including an upflow anaerobic sludge blanket digester – also referred to as a UASB methane reactor. The UASB reactor helps convert the organic content of the facility’s wastewater into valuable biogas. Moreover, it produces significantly less odor than the facility’s previous wastewater treatment process. Finally, a double-effect 110 refrigeration ton (RT) absorption chiller uses the hot water from the engine along with biogas from the digester plant to generate cooling water for the facility’s air conditioning system.
Commissioned in 2012, the project’s first phase made use of two Jenbacher* J420 gas engines to produce 2,842 kW of electrical output. The second phase of the project added an additional three gas engines that were commissioned in 2017. In total, the five engines deliver 7,105 kW electrical output.
In 2016, Chok Yuen Yong reported two million euro (2.27+ million US dollar) reduction in energy costs and the project delivers an exceptional 43.33 % return on investment. Based on the project’s success, the company received the 2017 Thailand energy award by the Department of Alternative Energy Development and Efficiency.
333 Moo 5, Watprik, Muang, Phitsanulok 65230 Thailand.
Tel: (+66) (0)55 002 009
Fax: (+66) (0)55 002 017